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The bendir is a drum made of a wooden frame and a membrane, usually made of animal skin, and is used as a traditional instrument throughout North Africa. It was also used in Ancient Egypt, and Mesopotamia.The frame drum is the oldest and most common kind of drum and has been around since prehistoric times.

The bendir is played kept vertical by inserting the thumb of the left hand in a special hole in the frame. It creates different tones according to the spreading of the shock waves moving across the skin

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